• Introducing Phase 2 _ ELEMENTS: BRAINSTORMING - Week 1

    Par Michel Kyra Lea, Ogbonna Gabriel Ihechimnemerem, Terrien Romane, 31/10/16

    The brainstorming consisted in (1) material explorations of wood and its properties (2) research and visual experimentation, creating collages which combine two elements to create a new one or a new situation.


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                                               (1) A Property explored: PLASTICITY


    Technique 0.8mm thick balsa wood was exposed to hot water steam and held in a bent shape by a "mould".


    The wood's plasticity and bendability changes under the exposure of heat and humidity. If it can be bent to a certain extent without steam, but it comes back to its initial shape.


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                                      (1) B Property explored: PROTECTIVE LAYER (bark)


    Technique a piece of thick bark was sawed and sewed in order to capture the function of protecting of the bark and applying it to a human arm. This created a hybrid between a manmade armour and a bark for the human skin.


    Wood grows inside the protective layer of the rind. If its function is similar to human skin, we noticed big disparities: bark is made to resist to weather and tough shocks, yet it doesn't allow any mobility. The construct tries to convey the protective capacity of bark to a human arm, while leaving potentiality for movement.


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                                      (1) C Property explored: RESISTENCE TO FIRE


    Technique a piece of wood with different surfaces (rough, smooth, bark, broken) was exposed to an isolated flame for a time variating between a few seconds and several minutes.


    The shape and order of the fiber have a great importance when it comes to facing fire: the rough surface, with chards, offer a lot of grip to the flames (because of the oxygen it allows to pass), while the smooth surface resisted during several minutes to the flames.

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              (2) Collages (calque paper, graphite):Combining two elements to create a new situation.


    Elements used/references (left to right):

    Jean Prouvé, window joint, 1954

    Alvar Aalto, consultation table, 1951

    Koloman Moser, Armlehnstuhl, 1903

    Josep Lluìs Sert, Studio for Joan Mirò, Cala Major, 1956


  • P2 - E 0

    Par Jaton Doriand Andrzej, Leyland Catherine Elsie Jacqueline, Medic Marina, 30/10/16

    MATERIAL EXPLORATION

    the flexibility of wood



    A. IT CAN BREAK AND GIVE THIN LINES OF FRAGMENTED WOOD

                                                                          

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    B. BUT WITH FEW PIECES OF WOOD A STRUCTURE CAN BE BUILT AND BE STRONG ENOUGH TO SUPPORT OBJECTS

                                                             

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    STRUCTURES

    seeking balance by wooden supports



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                                                                                          first structural approach 



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                                                                                       second structural approach



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                                                                                           last structural approach


    P L A C E

    We had to go to place Bel-Air and use cardboard (as an object) to identify what could be changed at the place to modify and even improve the use of the place by people.


                                                        

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    COLLAGE


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  • P2 - E 0 : Brainstorming

    Par Belaich Yonah, Bitz Kathleen, Hassan Moallin Madina, Vié Cyrielle Noémi, 27/10/16

                                                                           1.COLLAGE 

                                         


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    Réferences

    1. Villa Savoye, Le Corbusier and Shun Shoku Lounge, Kengo Kuma

    2. Schroeder House (interior window), Gerrit Rietvelt

    3. Villa Savoye, Le Corbusier and Tomba Brion, Carlo Scarpa



                                                              2.MATERIAL EXPLORATION


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    Firmitas

    Even if the Swiss law does not allow buildings with a wooden structure to be higher than six stories, the wood, which is light and resistant, could be used for taller buildings. And although people think that wood is not fire resistant, it is a very safe material in case of fire because it does not break unexpectedly.

    Wooden fabric

    The aim was to break the rigid property of the wood by imitating the fluidity of a piece of fabric.

    Building Blocks

    The elements made of wood can be prefabricated and turned into walls, floors and even whole modules. The elements make the transportation easier and the assembly quicker. Prefabrication allows also to reduce the waste of material.



                                                                        3. PLACE


    An intervention based on one or more observations. The intervention tries to show the differents impacts that a simple structure can have on the urban situation.

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                                                         4.STRUCTURAL CHALLENGE


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  • P2 Exercice 0 : Brainstorming

    Par Tiezzi Alessandro, Di Munno Lydia Anjali, Lombardi Alexandre Tristan Bénédict, Rampazzi Lia Giovanna Laura, 26/10/16

    ELEMENTS


    Exercice 0 :

    For this first exercice, we do a brainstorming on many themes. We are a group a of four


    The first theme was Collage. One of the person had to do 3 collages. Each collage had to be a new propsition of object mixing 2 different objects (Table, Window, Door, Bed).



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    The second person had to explore wood and the different qualities of this material.


    1. Bending wood using steam to not have a straight shape 


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    2. Resin pockets that follows the circular lines of the wood


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    3. Node in the wood


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    The third person has to visit the site of Flon in Lausanne (Place Bel Air). He had to create a new object mixing two objects (Table, Window, Door, Bed) with carboard. I create a bed-table (1), a bed-window (2) and a table-window (3). Then I had to place the cardboard in the place and analyse how people react.

    1.


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    2.


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    3.


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    The last person of the group had to imagine 3 structures to support 2 moulds of plaster (the bridge we did in Measures).

    1.


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    2.


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    3.


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    Then in classes, we discussed about that with all the group and add new ideas.


     

  • Brainstorming

    Par Karameta Lundrim, Ramseyer Roman, Weber Corentin Raphael Nathan, Zbinden Arnaud Loick, 24/10/16

    The Phase 2, Elements, should introduce us the notion of a “real size project”. The first exercice is a multi focus approach to the problem. Each member of the team had to develop individually one of the approaches but to discuss them in the group.

    We firstly introduced the notion of elements by reviewing some relevant references from architecture, art and design by doing 3 collages.



    Reflection of the light on the lake (Villa le Lac, Corbusier and Meeting, James Turrel)


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    Natural symbiose ; water and wood (The Great Bamboo Wall / Kiro-san Observatory, Kengo Kuma)


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    Moving walls (Miguel Torga Space, Souto De Moura and Paper House, Shigeru ban)


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    The second approach was a material exploration, where we had to produce a “built element” to show 3 relevant properties of the wood. The scale was 1:1


    Resistance : Fir ( sapin )

    It shows the resistance of this wood, but also the easiness to move it. So, we can compare this stool with a framework.


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    Hardly combustible : beech (hêtre), oak (chêne) and ash (frêne)

    Each type of wood has an indication of fire security. First, there is the level of combustion, that goes from 3 (easily burnable) to 6 (hardly burnable). Then, there is also an indication of smoking density, that goes from 1 (much smoke) to 3 (little smoke).


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    Stability: OSB, “multiplis” wood

    We choose to simulate a ceiling with beams  with and without the OSB or “multiplis” wood. We can notice that, in case of earthquake, the structure can move and the stability, so all the building, can be compromised and fall down.


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    The third approach was from the place. We had to re-visit the site in Lausanne and observe the existing conditions and people’s behaviour in order to find situations that could intensively interact with the future 1:1 project. We observed views, circulations, acts, relations between elements or conditions as well as different strata again.


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                                                The Lift, one of the principal way to reach the place Bel-Air. 






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                The bus stop. This picture shows that at certain times, this place is really busy and it makes a mass of people. 







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                                                        The slope, an access to the strata of the flon. 







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                                              First object, a bench-table, it improves the comfort of the place. 







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                              Second object, a table, it links the two benches and improves the conviviality of the place. 






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                              Third object, a bench. The object is placed under the road in an unused covered place.







    The last approach was a structural challenge consisting on supporting two plaster boxes from the exercise P1-E 2.1. The plasters had to be maintain in different orientations and at different heights always separated from the ground at least 4 cm. The area of support should not have been bigger than the smaller side of one of the boxes. One of the boxes had to be cantilevered (with no supports underneath).We used model sticks with similar sections of the ones we will use on real size but with a 1:10 scale.


           1.                                                          2.                                                   3.


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