"Minga o movida de casa": a cultural tradition of moving house and also churches on the island of Chiloé.
The church of Tey was moved over 10 km between Tey and Astillero in the year 2000.
This research is based on a remote geographical location. Remote defined as “situated far from the main centres of population; distant.” In contrast to globalism; global networks, technologies, societies, crisis, uses of resources, economics and consumption, this study of a remote space is a way of understanding other systems which apply on one hand concepts of permeability, durability and adaptation, and on the other hand concepts of control and extinction.
To study the architecture of a Chiloé not only means to consider its technical and constructive specificities but also other external aspects, ie. a more anthropological approach, which reflect themselves onto the built heritage. As a result this research will try to understand how in it’s physical aspect; the architecture found on this specific island, illustrates its remoteness taking into account its evolution, available resources, traditions and cultural symbols.
During a discussion with the architect Edward Rojas, in his office in Castro, on the 14th of October 2015, he stated: “all types of constructions in Chiloé are part of the same world”. This specific world is a complex composition of three territories: Maretorio, Bordemar and Territorio, resulting from three specific conditions present around the island: the sea, the earth and the seaside. These three territories will be studied to picture their intrinsic character within Chiloé’s architecture.
To bring to light the interactions between the main types of architecture found on this remote world, they will be explored through four techniques: symmetry, stratification, shift, and hybridization. These tools of investigation will enable to understand and answer the five initial speculations. Next to these four techniques, the action of narrating will also be important. Eight tales will construct a general condition for Chiloé, giving another point of view on its architecture. The fundamental results of this exploration will then be used as a base for a project.
Five initial speculations:
What makes the three territories live together? Is their cohesion a result of conquests, use of resources, their inhabitants or architecture?
Were these three territories at some point treated as separate entities?
How can the study of architecture through concepts of symmetry, shift, stratification and hybridization bring to light its essence?
What makes the architecture of Chiloé’s archipelago, as a result, so subtly fragile and ephemeral?
Is the survival of this specific vernacular architecture sustainable or is it disappearing with globalization?