(Credits to Emma Malig. Terre-Dentelle. Collage)
The telescope, an optical instrument originally helping in the observation of remote objects, serves for two purposes in this research. On one hand it helps the observation and investigation of a point in space placed far away: Chiloé, an island in the south of Chile, on the border of Patagonia, with a perimeter of approximately 8394 km2, a population of 170 000 inhabitants, and coordinates: N 42° 35’ 51’’, S 73° 52’ 59’’.
On the other hand it creates a distance between the analysed subject and the researcher. This distance is an opportunity to understand a territory situated in what is a still biased country: Chile. This research has used this country, as a case study, trying to understand its history. As an example, the constitution of Chile still remains unchanged since 1980 or since the dictatorship. The opportunity of looking at this territory, history and architecture with an open mind, helped to understand its essence and brought new ideas to light.
The telescope, as a physical tool, conducts through its lenses, the study of three characteristic architectural types: the wooden boats or lanchas chilote, the pile houses or palafitos and the Jesuits churches of the circular missions placed on the three territories: territory, bordemar, maretorio. They portray the architectural specificities, similitudes and differences.
The telescope also points out the overlapping of architectural elements. The effect of overlapping, intended as a palimpsest or a figurative accumulation or superposition of elements, reinforces the fundamental ideas of design over time. This gives a new perspective of territories and space.
Ultimately, the aim of the telescope is to reveal the essence of a remote place and express its particular identity. This tool will therefore guide the reader into different levels of representation and construction methods. The specific format of its diameter of 34mm serves as an introduction to this book, and focuses on different changes of states in architecture.